Facts on Hijri, Islamic New Year
- The first day of the year is observed on the first day of Muharram, the first month in the Islamic calendar (there might be a two day fasting).
- The era of the Hijrah is in official use in: Saudi Arabia, Yemen, and in the Persian Gulf area. Egypt, Syria, Jordan, Morocco, Algeria, Libya, and Tunisia use both the Muslim and the Christian eras. Many Muslim countries, such as Turkey, Nigeria, and Pakistan, use the Christian Era.
- 12 months beginning approx with every new moon. The 12th moth is varied in a 30 year-cycle to keep up with the real phases of the moon.
- Eleven to twelve days shorter than the Gregorian year (solar dating system now in general use).
According to the most reliable authorities, it was Umar I, the second caliph (reigned 634–644), who introduced the era used by the Muslim world.
Video on Western calendars
- Islamic Calendar Pro – التقويم الإسلامي المطور – i4islam (itunes.apple.com)