UN the world’s premier international organization, established at the end of World War II to maintain world peace and friendly relations among nations—entered into force this day in 1945. (Encyclopedia Britannica, 2012).
to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war,…to reaffirm faith in fundamental human rights,…to establish conditions under which justice and respect for the obligations arising from treaties and other sources of international law can be maintained, and to promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom. (UN, 1945)
- The name “United Nations” was appointed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt during the Second World War; these countries pledged together against the Axis Powers (mainly Italy, Germany, Japan)
- There are 193 countries forming part of the UN, complete list of participants here
- The UN flag, adopted in 1947
- UN organizations include: Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), United Nations Education, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), World Health Organization (WHO), World Bank (WB) and World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO).
- Un gets its funding from countries. Top 3 chippers, US (22%), Japan (12%) and Germany(8%).
- Headquarters in NY